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Blog entry by Luna Bell

Top Programming Languages

Top Programming Languages

Over the years, the popularity of different programming languages has been increasing. This blog lists down some of the top & most useful programming languages for you to learn.

The use of programming languages ​​remains a popular way of earning money and the main tool for creating modern technologies. Even if you start studying them right now, you can be sure of high wages and rapid career growth.

The more languages ​​you know and use, the higher your status will be. For the development of one application/technology, several of them can be used at once. Since the inception of the first computers, more than 8,000 programming languages ​​have been invented. There are basic ones that are used everywhere. It is impossible to single out the best one, each has advantages and disadvantages. We offer you to get acquainted with the best programming languages ​​and find out which one to start with.

Python

Python is a simple programming language that is suitable for beginners and will be a relatively easy way to get into a new profession. A clear code, a large library of tools, and a minimum of tricks allow you to quickly get the hang of it, making the language the most popular in education and data science. Although learning Python for Data Science is not an easy task, but there are a lot of trainings out there that can help one get started.  It is not for nothing called "language with batteries included", it itself provides methods for solving basic problems. It is easy to integrate with C and C ++ languages.

Python's performance is inferior to other languages, but because of this, it does not lose its relevance. Scientists all over the world use it for machine learning. Plus, it's ideal for web services; backend, and sysadmin.

C & C++

The C language appeared in 1975, and its more multifaceted extension C ++, in 1985. They are the progenitors of most programming languages. Every 3 years the C ++ language is updated, and today there is already the 20th ISO standard. Initially, the C language was developed for less powerful computers, was economical, and more tied to the hardware. This binding remains today, which allows you to "squeeze" the maximum out of productivity. Now the language is used both for game development and for machines with a low-power processor.

These complex languages ​​are not the most fun places to learn programming. When studying, you can quickly burn out and say goodbye to the profession. However, it is C ++ that will help to fully probe the "brain" of the computer, which is extremely important for the programmer. This hard start is suitable for those who want to understand the basics. C ++ does not support validation at the time of writing the code, which also complicates the development work.

That is why these specialists are in great demand.

.NET

.NET is a framework from Microsoft that allows you to use the same namespaces, libraries, and APIs for different languages. .NET supports several languages: along with C#, it also includes VB.NET, C ++, F #, as well as various dialects of other languages ​​tied to .NET.

.NET is fairly widespread in the development of in-house software products, but it is still relatively rare in web development, like other software products from Microsoft. Therefore, finding .NET developers for a web project can be quite difficult. The use of .NET usually  "pulls" the purchase of other software from Microsoft. However, if you are looking for a promising direction, this is a great option.

JavaScript

Created in 1995, JavaScript is the dominant frontend language around the world. Its relevance is not lost even for a minute, it can be used to create interactive websites. It is also easy to learn, but today it is not enough for development, and the number and quality of frameworks can become difficult. That is why you should not start with it, because constant retraining for the changing frontend, by virtue of already active programmers.

Thanks to a large number of add-ons, the functionality of JavaScript is limitless. The main disadvantage is that due to the fact that the language is used to encode pop-ups, we often have to deal with malicious content.

Java

Java was also introduced in 1995 but has nothing to do with JavaScript. It is in demand in the backend and occupies a good position in it. Death is predicted for the language every year, but it seems that this will not happen soon. Behind the "boring and verbose" structure, many find the perfect solution to many problems. For example, it is used by banking structures to write mobile applications for large companies.

The main advantage is that the developed application will run on any platform that supports Java due to the weak link system. That is, after the initial creation, there is no need to modify the application specifically for each server.

The disadvantages of the language include additional payment for the licensed version of the Java Development Kit, and it is not suitable for applications in the cloud.

Learning Java first is not worth it, it is the perfect complement to other more fundamental languages.

Swift

Created by Apple in 2014, Swift has grown exponentially in popularity. The creators positioned it as a replacement for Objective-C and the beginning of a “new era” of programming. But so far it is in demand for only iOS applications.

The language is perfectly adapted for both custom and server-side development. The syntax is easy to read and the code runs quickly.

It's only worth learning if you're going to develop apps for Apple products.

But even for iOS, it does not always work. Since the language is new, it is used to write applications for at least the seventh generation of iOS. In addition, Swift still has many shortcomings, it is unstable and has a small number of third-party resources to work with.

Conclusion

A number of programmers build their careers with professional knowledge in only one programming language, but they are more proficient in several of them at once, which significantly increases their chances of succeeding in their careers. It is difficult to say which of them should be studied. For example, if you want to work in a large company, it is better to learn C and Java, Python and JavaScript are suitable for participation in web startups, and for iOS mobile applications, it is enough to have knowledge of Swift.


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